Dubrovnik is a city in southern Croatia fronting the Adriatic Sea. It's known for its distinctive Old Town, encircled with massive stone walls completed in the 16th century. Its well-preserved buildings range from baroque St. Blaise Church to renaissance Sponza Palace and Gothic Rector’s Palace, now a history museum. Paved with limestone, the pedestrianized Stradun (or Placa) is lined with shops and restaurants.
Dubrovnik is a city in the south of Croatia on the southern slopes of Srd Hill. It is named after the oak forest.
It is the administrative center of Dubrovnik- Neretva County and one of the most important centers of Croatia added to the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1979.
The old town was completed in the 13th century and remains virtually unchanged to the present day. Tall ramparts surround it and there are only two entrances to the old town which lead to Stradun, the city’s promenade. The republic of Dubrovnik experienced a boom in the 16th century when people of Dubrovnik established trade links with the Turks in order to retain their freedom, independence, and privileges throughout the Ottoman Empire.
Dubrovnik also had an extensive network of diplomatic and trade missions throughout Europe.
The word that has defined Dubrovnik the most throughout the century is "Freedom."
Sights of Dubrovnik:
- City walls with fortresses – the city walls are one of the most preserved fortifications systems in Europe and are 1940 meters long, with five forts, sixteen towers, and bastions. The walls surround the city in the form of an irregular polygon, with tower Minčeta on the highest inland corner.
- Lovrijenac- west of the old town there is a 37 meters high fort which has become a symbol of survival and freedom. It is known as the summer stage of the Dubrovnik Summer Games.
- Stradun- the widest and most beautiful limestone-paved pedestrian street dividing the old city center into the north and south, main city artery, and the core of the old city.
- Dubrovnik squares
- The island of Lokrum: declared a nature park with a lake called Dead sea, suitable for swimmers and nonswimmers. On the island, there is Fort Royal fortress build by the French, with a beautiful view of Dubrovnik, Cavtat and the islands.
- Trsteno: a small town located about 20 kilometers east of Dubrovnik with two giant arboretums over 400 years old. The most significant attraction is Trsteno Arboretum, the only arboretum on the coast that unites cultural and natural heritage.
- Srđ Hill- rises above Dubrovnik on its northern side and is 413 meters high with the monumental Imperial Fortress, built during the Napoleon occupation. During the homeland war, this fortress played an important role in defending the city.
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